~ Coat of Arms ~
“History of the Livesey Coat of Arms”
Of Brunaburgh fought in 937 AD in Lancashire, England.
Arms of Livesey - Argent a lion rampant gules between three trefoils vert.
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FACTS:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             

Margaret Livesey of Hacking Hall married Thomas Walmsley, of Rishton, lancashire in the middle or early part of the 16th century. Thomas Walmsley died
in 1584. Thomas and Margaret Livesey Walmsley were the parents of “Judge Walmsley”, among other children. When MargaretLivesey married Thomas
Walmsley, she brought with her the Livesey Coat of Arms, to be quartered with her husband’s Walmsley Family Coat
of Arms. At the Dunkenhalgh Hotel, once the Walmsley Family home, built in 1285 AD, and purchased by the Walmsleys in the 16th century, the
coat of arms is displayed, including that of the Liveseys, eight quartering's in all.

This means that the Livesey Family of Hacking Hall Lancashire, England, was using the Coat of Arms at least from the late 1400s into the early
1500s. In 1613, the Coat of Arms of Livesey of Livesey Old Hall, was registered by the Heralds College, during the visitation of Lancashire by Richard
St. George.  

Sir Michael Livesey, the 5th signer of the death warrant of King Charles I, used the Livesey Coat of Arms of “Red Lion Rampant, Three Trefoils, Argent
background, with the Crest, Lions Paw holding a bunch of Trefoils.

In March of 2003, a visit to The College of Arms, was made to research the coat of arms and copy the Livesey Coat of Arms as accurately as possible.
The Livesey Coat of  Arms registered with the “College” only go back to 1577, and does not mention the origin. The Livesey copy of the Coat of Arms
on file does not correspond completely with the description. The Lion’s Paw is missing the described cluster of Trefoils. Continued research is needed
to add to this information.
The answer may be hidden in some family treasure in their attic or museum or library. The LHS would be pleased and grateful to receive any additional
information.
surrounding the coat are not specified in the Herald College
description.
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The colors, green, red, silver, signify, Sincerity, courage, hope and
loyalty. Sir Michael Livesey, of East Church, Kent, was created a
baronet in 1627 and was a member of the House of Commons, and
used the coat of arms.
“A RED lion Rampant, with three Green Trefoils on an Argent background” Argent is Norman French for white or silver.
The Livesay Historical Society uses the Coat of Arms of this family branch symbolically as the LHS logo.
No claim is made of lineal descent from Sir Michael. No association or listing of the LHS logo with the British National Heraldry registry is claimed.
The Coat of Arms was used by other lines of the Livesey family from earlier days as indicated in the notes listed above.
Livesey - Argent, a lion, rampant, gules, between three trefoils slipped vert - 1540
arms began well before the 14th century and because these emblems, or coats of arms, were originally designed and created on a very local basis, they may
not meet the modern requirements for an “official” coat of arms. For that matter, no Blazon of Arms is likely to be “official” for any family with respect to
heraldic authenticity, since they probably represented a place and not a family.   The British College of Arms will certify blazons of arms for the Royal
Family and certain nobility, but these are actually awarded to individuals and not to families.

The legitimate coats of arms of today evolved in appearance due to copyrights, adjustments by approval agencies, drawn and redrawn for artistic reasons,
changed through marriages, changed for political reasons, changed to reflect new enterprises, and some even represent composites to reflect ethnic and
political origins. Many have no history what so ever. Only the modern copyrighted versions exists for families, or, if you are persistent enough, you may
find a “family” crest from a time before 1484 when the English Crown attempted to standardize and award crests.


We believe we have found three crests that pre - date the British College of Arms.

Research tells us that in the 7th and 8th century members of a fighting group (small armies) wore an insignia designed or selected by their Chieftain or
Captain to avoid confusion in battle, which was often hand - to - hand. Even today the practice is common in the military. In medieval times such armies
came from the populace of small communities, towns and settlements, and they wished to identify themselves.  As time wore on, families living in these
communities became identified with certain emblems. Often, families lived in the same community for generations and a family may have been the
population of the entire community. In this manner blazons of arms became associated with certain surnames.

So, the blazon of arms we discovered came from such a community discovered through the name of Robarte Lyvely who is buried at St. Dianus’s
Backchurch, London in
1543, and was in use at the marriage of Alys Lyveley in 1540 in the same church. The surname was traced back to a community no longer in existence and
may have been a small hamlet-sized community identified only by this crest and surname. The crest was described as follows:   “Argent a lion rampant
gules between three trefoils slipped vert”.
Translation: The lion rampant is a symbol of majesty and kingship and in red denotes military fortitude; the trefoil is a three leafed plant (shamrock) and
vert is green and denotes fertility and abundance; slipped means with stem or pulled from the ground; argent is silver or white, which denotes peace and
sincerity.

It might be interesting to some, that the presence of the trefoils usually indicates Irish origins and the lion rampant was first used by Scottish Royalty.  
Perhaps this represents a mixed heritage, although Scotland and Ireland in medieval times were not significantly as separate as was English and Scotland.

William I of Scotland used the symbol of a lion in 1165 – 1214 in his coat of arms and he was known as the “Lion”. The Scottish version of the lion has
always been
shown in the rampant position, ie:  standing erect on the left hind leg with the head in profile and forelegs extended – red against a field of yellow.

We see the trefoil on English Coats of Arms from time to time, but usually in non-green colors and in green only when an Irish ancestry is claimed. The lion
rampant appears on the official Scottish national flag in red against a yellow field today. The lion rampant is widely used in England and throughout
European countries in a variety of stylistic representations.
~ A Little Irish Heraldry ~
which bore various symbols and totems peculiar to their units. This practice of identification by banners or standards was not unique to the Romans, with
examples found among the ancient Greeks, Egyptians and Hebrews.

Medieval heraldry, it is now believed in Ireland, evolved from the civil personal marks, or seal devices of the Flemish descendants of the Emperor
Charlemagne.

The adoption of personal symbols or marks, a substitute for writings, eventually spread to the Normans from the Flemish around the time of the Norman
conquest of England but appears to date back at least as far as the 8th century. Such devices were “of necessity, heredity,” since they were “common to
families or groups linked by blood or
feudal tenure.”

It may be surprising to find much the same practice in Ireland in the early part of the 7th century. An account of the Battle of Magh Rath (County Down)
clearly describes
the battle standards of the Gaelic Irish chieftains. According to Keating: “For it is there read, that the whole host was wont to be placed under the command
of one
captain - in - chief, and that, under him, each division of his force obeyed its own proper captain; and besides, that every captain of these bore upon his
standard his peculiar device or ensign .
~ The English Version of Heraldic Origins ~
The early histories of heralds and armory are roughly contemporary but separate stories. Heralds were originally free-lancer individuals who specialized in
the running and scoring of reputation in this period.
Armory originated in the 12th century in the Anglo-Norman lands and quickly spread over much of Europe. At that time the full face helm came into vogue
making it difficult to identify armored men in battle and in tournaments, which were free - for - all melees in this period, far different from the formalized
jousts of Elizabethan times. Great lords, and thereafter, knights, decorated their shields and surcoats with “coats of arms” using distinctive designs.

Heralds became experts at identifying knights by their emblems since that was part of the herald’s job as a tourney official. The next step was for heralds to
start recording arms.

In 1484 Richard III gave royal heralds a charter incorporating them as the College of Arms and granted them quarters in London.  Under this system of
heraldry, a coat of arms was awarded to the individual knight, different from the Irish tradition.  And for a considerable time Blazons of Arms were given
and taken away for political reasons.
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~ To Genealogy This Means  ~
The French required coats of arms before participation in tournaments and they have their system. And it goes on.
It does not matter much where one starts research on heraldry. If the research is faithfully followed we all will end up in a place where a small group or a
family who wished to be identified and associated with a community, used a symbol, banner, or shield; an everyday sign that said who they were. These
evolved into a variety of forms: kilts; emblems, coats of arms, badges, symbols.

One can copyright a coat of arms, we can become certified by some organization as proper and correct; or we can be genuine researchers and dig into history
to see what was used before copyrights and certifications became substitutes for what we know is right.

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~ The Components of an Heraldic Achievement ~
(or slogan or cri de guerre) is the warcry used by the clan or family to which the owner of the achievement belongs. Its appearance above the crest is typical
of any heraldry, but it will appear above the crest. Warcries are short, meaningful and easy to distinguish aurally. Mottoes can be relatively long.

THE CREST-
is not a coat of arms. Nor is it an heraldic achievement. Nor is it a badge. The Crest is the device placed on top of the helmet. Here it is a forearm grasping a
spur and, as such, could have been modelled for use in a mediaeval tournament. The invention of crests (mainly during the last three centuries) that could
never have been fastened to the top of a helmet is a decadent development that has no place in classical heraldry. Sometimes more than one crest may be
displayed, but this is much more frequent in continental heraldry than in the heraldry of the British Isles.

THE WREATH-
around the base of the crest secures it to the helmet and is depicted as six twists of cloth in the principal colours, usually, of the arms displayed on the
shield (the livery colours). Sometimes a coronet (a crest coronet) is used instead of a wreath, and the crest then rises out of the centre of the coronet.

THE MANTLING-
(or lambrequin) is the representation of the cloth cape that hangs from the wreath and down the wearer's back to protect it from the sun's heat. Early
heraldic illustrations depicted the mantling whole and untorn, but artists subsequently painted it as having been slashed in battle, and during the worst
periods of grotesque heraldry it resembled seaweed. In this illustration it is highly stylised in a typical late - 19th century fashion, but is not quite as ugly
as is some of that period. The colours of the mantling are those of the wreath.

THE HELM -
(the helmet) is used to indicate rank - that of a peer, as here, having a golden grille. Much 18th and 19th century heraldry produced helmets which would
have been quite impossible to wear. The one shown here copies the style of the late - 19th century and is not too bad an example, but a moment's
examination reveals that its grille is very far out of proportion.

THE CORONET-
of a peer is always displayed below the helm. In British heraldry only a peer has a coronet, but in continental Europe, where the definition of a peer is
different and where nobles who are not peers may have coronets, the customs vary.

THE SUPPORTERS-
have two origins attributed to them. It is said that they were first used to carry a peer's shield at a tournament, and were men disguised as animals. It is
said also that when a shield had been carved onto a signet, the space around it was used to depict fabulous animals. In the British Isles supporters may be
used only by peers and knights of the most senior rank (Knights Grand Cross and Knights of the Garter and of the Thistle) plus, in Scotland, certain heads
of considerable families who are not peers.

THE SHIELD-
is the principal component of the heraldic achievement. It bears the arms - the same device or group of devices that was once borne on a knight's surcoat
(the cloth coat that covered his armour) and originated the phrase "coat of arms". If the achievement is that of a lady, a lozenge (a diamond shape) is used
instead of a shield.

THE MOUNT or COMPARTMENT-
is the feature on which a shield may rest. It is almost always used only with Supporters.

THE MOTTO-
may appear on the Mount or on a scroll. (In tenebris lux - light in the darkness - is a motto often associated with the Scott family.)

OTHER FEATURES-
may be incorporated into an achievement. These may include the insignia of orders of chivalry, the symbols of ancient offices, badges, and weapons and
banners. But the components discussed above are those that will be met most often in the achievement of a peer.
eagle                  book                    ship                  tower               phoenix              clover                     lion                bridge                swan
star                 anchor             escarbuncle          arrow                plume                castle                 dragon                   sword              scales
*Created and Maintained *
by Annette (Coppa) Livesay
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